I dedicate this "Double Autobiography" to our Brazilian friends, departed but always present:It is perhaps not too surprising that the Romanian exiles are not well represented in Wikipedia. Baciu himself has a longer biography in Spanish Wikipedia than in either Romanian or English. Exiles tend to fall between the cracks. Who feels responsible for documenting their lives, people in their countries of exile or the ones they left behind? In the case of literary exiles, it depends who reads their work. I believe that Baciu devoted half of his own separate volume of memoirs (Praful de pe toba) to sketches of his old mentors and colleagues precisely in order to ensure that they would not be entirely forgotten.
Manuel Bandeiraand to those in Hispanic America, just as present:
Jorge de Lima
Augusto Frederico Schmidt
Benjamin de Mendonça
João Duarte, son
Prudente de Moraes, grandson
Mariano Picón-Salas (Venezuela)and to the memory of our friends:
Salomón de la Selva (Nicaragua)
Justo Pastor Benítez (Paraguay)
José R. Castro (Honduras)
Rafael Barraza Monterrosa (El Salvador)
Oscar Unzaga de la Vega (Bolivia)
Rafael García Bárcena (Cuba)
José Mariano Sanz Lajara (Dominican Republic)
Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, who just passed away, spent time in both domestic internal and foreign exile. The English translations of his early classics like One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich, The First Circle, Cancer Ward, and August 1914 had a major influence on my understanding of what the Soviet system was all about, an understanding that was reinforced and enriched by my year in Romania in 1983-84. (I did not read The Gulag Archipelago, but have blogged passages of several books about Gulags more recently.) Solzhenitsyn is not regarded quite the same way in his country of exile as in his country of origin, and his obsessions also evolved differently at home and abroad. He lived more than two lives, perhaps even as many as nine.